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JAAST Table of Content: July - 2015, 3(4)

Research Articles

Gomina, Abel. 1*, Sheyin Emmanuel Ali2 and Joshua Yohanna3   pp. 34 - 40

FACTORS INFLUENCING FARMERS’ PARTICIPATION IN SAVINGS AND COOPERATIVE SOCIETIES IN NIGER STATE, NIGERIA AND ITS IMPLICATION ON POVERTY REDUCTION/ALLEVIATION

 

           

The study assessed Farmers’ Participation in Savings and Credit Cooperative Societies: Mean per capita annual farm income and Poverty Reduction in Niger State, Nigeria. Combinations of purposive and random sampling techniques were used to select 85 and 72 beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries of saving and credit cooperative societies (SACCOS). Data were obtained through a well structured questionnaire. Foster-Greer-Thorbecke (FGT) poverty measures and multiple regression models were employed for data analysis. The result indicates that out of eight (8) variables included in the regression, only age had a negative coefficient and statistically not significant. Gender, secondary occupation, household size, educational level, farm income, non-farm income, interest rate charged had positive coefficient. Household size, farm income, non-farm income, interest rate charged and educational level are statistically significant at 1% and 10% levels of significance respectively. The study further revealed that about 33% and 67% of the beneficiaries and about 8% and 18% of the non-beneficiaries fall under the non-poor category before and after obtaining credit respectively. Poverty is marginally severe among the beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries but is more marginally severe among the non-beneficiaries. The study recommends that Non-governmental Organisation and local government council in the areas should intensify their efforts to boost the income diversification practices of farmers through provision of infrastructure especially feeder roads. This could enhance the level of farm and non-farm activities that could generate more income for the household and thereby help to combat poverty among the respondents.

Keywords:  Savings, Credit Cooperative, Poverty, Crop farmers, Niger State.

Research Articles

Solomon Danjuma1,3*, Singtoe Boonrotpong3, Narit Thaochan2, Surakrai Permkam2 and Chutamas Satasook3   pp. 41 - 48

POPULATION DYNAMICS OF THE CARAMBOLA FRUIT FLY BACTROCERA CARAMBOLAE DREW AND HANCOCK (DIPTERA: TEPHRITIDAE) ON GUAVA PSIDIUM GUAJAVA IN PENINSULAR THAILAND

 

           

Forty five accessions of the Turmeric germplasm at Umudike were screened in the field in 2007/2008 cropping season for their resistance to natural populations of root-knot nematode Meloidogyne spp. The results showed that few accessions like NCL4 (Atale Kabba mkt), NCL25 (Uranunen Oron), NCL43 (Adagbabiri), NCL41 (Golden Seal II Umudike), NCL50 (NVRI) and NCL32 (Ushi Ologbo) were susceptible while the vast majority were hyper susceptible. Significant results on the growth values of total yield/plot, primary and mother rhizome weights were obtained and higher yields were recorded for some of the less susceptible NCL25(Uranunen Oron), NCL41(Golden seal II Umudike) and NCL4 (Atale Kabba mkt) accessions. The highest field yield (9.247kg) was recorded for accession NCL41 (Golden Seal II Umudike).

Keywords:  Turmeric (Curcuma longa), resistance screening, root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne spp)