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JAAST Table of Content: March - 2015, 3(3)

Review Article

Oluwafemi R.A1., Fasakin, K2., Adekola, A.G2, Olatidoye, O.P2., Obi, T.E2 and Ozor, P.I2   pp. 25 - 28

EXPLORING AGRO-ENTREPRENEURSHIP POTENTIALS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA: TOWARDS WOMEN AND YOUTH ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT

 

           

Efficient utilization of the entrepreneurship potentials in agriculture towards women and youth empowerment in sub-Saharan Africa cannot be overemphasized. Poverty is a malady that incapacitates its victim economically and indirectly subjects them to a state of destitution, voicelessness, powerlessness and even violence. Unfortunately, the most affected sex being women and children. Harnessing the potentials of agriculture is essential not only for self-reliance but also for meeting the food and nutritional security of the people, to bring about equitable distribution of income and wealth in rural areas as well as to reduce poverty and improve the quality of life. Available potentials in this sector include; livestock, crops and agro-allied among others. Initiatives in Nigeria towards entrepreneurship development includes: National Directorate of Employment and the Better Life for Rural Women among others. This article reviews their constraints and reiterates the importance of sustainable utilization of the enormous entrepreneurial potentials of agriculture.

Keywords:  Agriculture, entrepreneurship, poverty, women, empowerment.

Research Articles

Okorocha E.O.A.1, Ogbuji, R.O.2 and Olojede, A.O.1   pp. 29 - 33

FIELD SCREENING OF THE TURMERIC (CURCUMA LONGA L) GERM PLASM AT UMUDIKE FOR RESISTANCE TO NATURAL POPULATIONS OF ROOT-KNOT NEMATODE MELOIDOGYNE SPP

 

           

Forty five accessions of the Turmeric germplasm at Umudike were screened in the field in 2007/2008 cropping season for their resistance to natural populations of root-knot nematode Meloidogyne spp. The results showed that few accessions like NCL4 (Atale Kabba mkt), NCL25 (Uranunen Oron), NCL43 (Adagbabiri), NCL41 (Golden Seal II Umudike), NCL50 (NVRI) and NCL32 (Ushi Ologbo) were susceptible while the vast majority were hyper susceptible. Significant results on the growth values of total yield/plot, primary and mother rhizome weights were obtained and higher yields were recorded for some of the less susceptible NCL25(Uranunen Oron), NCL41(Golden seal II Umudike) and NCL4 (Atale Kabba mkt) accessions. The highest field yield (9.247kg) was recorded for accession NCL41 (Golden Seal II Umudike).

Keywords:  Turmeric (Curcuma longa), resistance screening, root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne spp)