WatchPlus -:- JAAST Table of Content (July - 2016)
 
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JAAST Table of Content: July - 2016, 4(1)

Research Articles

1Chikaire, J.U., 2Orusha, J.O., 2Nwoye, E.O., 2Amahiri, C.C., 2Nwaigwe, M.O. and 2Onogu, B.     pp. 01 - 06

IDENTIFICATION OF ETHICAL CONCERNS/ISSUES IN AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT AMONG AGRICULTURAL WORKERS IN IMO STATE, NIGERIA

 

           

This paper examines ethical issues of concern among agricultural workers. The specific objectives were to describe the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents, identify the ethical issues of concern, and ascertain the respondents’ perception of the issues in agriculture and rural development. Purposive random sampling technique was used to select 250 respondents from six higher institutions in Imo State, Nigeria. Data were collected with the aid of a questionnaire and analysed using percentages and mean. The major issues bothered on food, rural development, information sharing and environment. Results show that the respondents have a positive view of the issues raised such as households must be food secure ( ̅x=3.16), everyone should have the right to food ( ̅x=3.36), among others. Others were farmers health be promoted ( ̅x=3.20), farmers quality of life enhanced ( ̅x=2.77), rural development is a must ( ̅x=2.75). Access to up to date information ( ̅x=3.05), dissemination of reliable information ( ̅x=3.02), biodiversity loss be discouraged ( ̅x=2.81), water quality ( ̅x=3.28), land access ( ̅x=3.49). It means that the issue of good is of great concern as it affects the life we live now and in the future

Keywords:  Ethical issues, agriculture, rural, food, environment.

1Ani, A.O., 1Chikaire, J.U., 2Orusha, J.O., 2Nwaigwe, M.O., 2Onogu, B. and 2Daniel- Uchegbu, C.     pp. 07 - 15

EXTENSION EDUCATION, GUIDE FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP PROMOTION IN RURAL AREAS FOR POVERTY REDUCTION AND WEALTH/ EMPLOYMENT CREATION IN NIGERIA

 

           

Small business establishments, especially in the rural areas of Nigeria and generally the world over serve to meet the local needs of rural dwellers. Diverse opportunities exist in the rural areas that could turn their fortunes around. Despite the small size and low densities, social and economic composition, nature of internal and external linkages, in the rural areas, profitable business enterprises can flourish. Extension education plays a very important guide in promoting entrepreneurship activities in the rural areas, reduce poverty and create wealth. This paper outlines four (4) important areas of support areas in which extension education promotes entrepreneurship in rural areas. The areas include supporting community culture, business technical assistance and training, access to capital at every stage of business development and peer professional and industry networks. The above guide promotes the survival of business activities in the rural areas with the aim of reducing poverty among rural dwellers and the same time creating wealth and employment for improved standard of living. To solve the problem facing entrepreneurship development in Nigeria, government should create conducive macroeconomic environment such as competitive market, finance, flexible labour among others.

Keywords:  Extension, poverty, rural, business, employment, wealth, enterprise.


Eduardo Jose Azevedo Correa, Frederico Pahlm Ribeiro Gonçalves, Marcela Pagano, Jose Norberto Lobato, Neimar Freitas Duarte, Adriano Guimarães Parreira.     pp. 16 - 19

OCCURRENCE CALLICEBUS NIGRIFRONS (PRIMATES, PITHECIIDAE) IN APP OF SÃO JOÃO RIVER, EXPERIMENTAL PITANGUI FIELD, MINAS GERAIS, BRAZIL

 

           

According to island biogeography theory, fragments (vegetation islands) are transformed in habitats of animal species in very restricted areas, reducing food and increasing inbreeding rates. This leads important species to extinction. This is the case of SAUA monkey (Callicebus nigrifrons) in the city Pitangui, Minas Gerais state. This species survives in the region in disconnected islands of vegetation. Such situation can lead the species to local extinction. In addition, the SAUA monkey habitat is pressed by the expansion of sugarcane crops and increased gold exploration in the Pitangui City. This study aims to study is to register the presence of primate in Midwest region of Minas Gerais state. This may lead to other studies to estimate the population of this animal and its behavior is also important for the knowledge of this species. With this information it is possible to study the breaking of dormancy and germination of plant species to seedling production in scale and mobilize local farmers and government public in connection to recovery the forest fragments. We expect with this work to call to the importance to promote conservation biology of this species, promote environmental education to develop conservancy strategies to this specie in midwest region of Minas Gerais state.

Keywords:  Callicebus, atlantic forest, pytangui, conservancy biology.